The history of the automotive industry goes back almost a century and a half. According to official data, it is considered the world’s first registered Benz Patent-Motorwagen equipped with an internal combustion power plant. It was created in early 1885. A year later, the inventor received a patent for it, first issued for such a technique. However, the prototype of this type of transport was invented and assembled long before the official one. For example, few people know about such an ancestor of the car as “Cunyo’s small cart” on a steam engine, created by Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot back in 1769. And all because history is characterized by the loss of information that did not pass according to official documents.
What car brands start with B?
Based on the information collected on existing and already closed car brands, the letter “B” is typed several times more car brands and companies than the letter “A.” The most famous of them, which even non-professionals know about, are BMW and Bugatti, Bauer and Bentley, Benz and Beuk, and many others.
Today, the task is to preserve, as fully and accurately as possible, the history of how mankind invented and developed the car, what difficulties were encountered along the way, who contributed to this direction, and what future the automotive industry can expect. It is especially important to collect and group all the available information in documents, photographs, memoirs on the Internet. This information is important and useful as evidence of human history for scientific works, research, professionals, and collectors, motorists.
What luxury cars start with the letter B?
Among the car brands whose name begins with “B,” many active and already closed manufacturers are creating and have been creating products in the luxury category. Especially a lot of offers of luxury cars were observed at the beginning of the 20th century when the producers created the technique-oriented to the well-to-do category of consumers. The most famous are Bentley, Besturn, Bizzarrini, BMW, Brabus, Bristol, Bugatti, Buick.
What car has a big B in the front?
This car is a luxury and status Bentley. Whichever model you take is an indicator of wealth, of course, each for its time. This brand uses the big winged letter “B,” used both in the logo and invariably directly on the hood in a voluminous design. Thanks to it, the status of the car and its owner could be determined from quite a long distance.
1 B Engineering
B Engineering is distinguished among modern Italian car manufacturers by its focus on developing and producing exclusive supercars. Today she has released the original design Edonis. For its execution, basic data from the Bugatti EB110 were used. At the same time, the company creates spare parts for Bugatti. By acquiring the capacities and technologies of the Padane bus manufacturer, the company expanded its production to components for this technique.
Founded in 1905, the American brand Babcock, as a wagon manufacturer, has simultaneously created bodies for Dodge, Ford, Lincoln, and Wills-Sainte Claire cars. Among his first cars was the Babcock of the same name, which was produced from 1909 to 1913. During the First World War, the company produced military ambulance bodies. In 1920 and 1921, devastating fires at the brand’s factory diminished its capabilities. In 1926 the company filed for bankruptcy and was sold to C. Wesley Gamble.
3 Briggs Automotive Company (BAC)
2009 marked the founding of the British supercar brand Briggs Automotive Company (BAC). The company was founded by brothers Neill (Director of Product Development) and Ian Briggs (Design Director). The main focus of the brand was the design and engineering consulting, light technologies. The brothers also realized the dream of their car in the form of a lightweight one-seater sports car with an open top that could be used on ordinary roads – the 2011 BAC Mono. In 2019, the BAC Mono R mini-series was launched.
4 British American Daytonas (BAD)
British American Enterprise – British American Daytonas (BAD) was founded by Ian Briggs – the owner of British American Engines and Ross Hallifax – racing driver, in 2004. The company’s office was located in Sutton, Surrey, United Kingdom. The brand lasted only four years and was focused on the production of components. Known for her own Daytona Coupe, a replica of the outstanding 1965 Shelby Daytona Coupe, winner of the European-dominated Ferrari models
5 BAIC Group
One of the leading Chinese auto brands is BAIC Group, with subsidiaries BAIC Motor Co., Ltd, founded in 2010, and Beijing Hyundai, founded in 1958. The brand is a state-owned enterprise. Its main activity is the production of commercial and passenger cars (Beijing Motor) and military cars, and light category BAW trucks, buses, and agricultural equipment from Foton Motor. Among its products are Hyundai and Mercedes models, assembled strictly for the domestic market.
6 SR Bailey & Company
The American brand is SR Bailey & Company from Boston, MA, USA, which operated from 1907 to 1916. Being one of the largest auto bodybuilders since 1907, the company has started the production of complete vehicles. It is known as one of the first companies in the history of America to start the production of electric vehicles – Bailey Electric using Edison Storage Battery. The cars were assembled in Amesbury, MA. Having gone bankrupt in 1916, Biddle and Smart were sold.
7 Bajaj Auto Limited
The oldest Indian car manufacturer since 1945, Bajaj Auto, a three-wheeled vehicle manufacturer, was founded by Jamnalal Bajaj. Based in Pune, Maharashtra, and has factories in Chakan (Pune), Waluj (near Aurangabad), and Pantnagar in Uttarakhand. Originally imported three-wheeled vehicles. With a primary focus on tricycle and tricycle production, Bajaj Auto is India’s third-largest. Having bought Tempo shares in the early 2000s, Firodia renamed it Bajaj Tempo, but in 2005 the name was changed to Force Motors at the request of Mercedes-Benz.
8 Baker Electrics
An American brand from Cleveland, Ohio USA – Baker Motor Vehicle Company Cleveland, Ohio USA with an office on Euclid Avenue produced Brass Era electric vehicles from 1899 to 1914. The first car was Thomas Edison’s first personal car. In 1904, the brand already produced two two-seater models – Runabout and Stanhope. In 1906, the company produced 800 pieces of vehicles. By 1907, the brand counted 17 models. In 1914, a merger with another manufacturer took place, and the company was renamed Baker, Rauch & Lang. The activity ceased in 1916.
Founded by the French brother’s Ballot Edouard, propulsion engineer, former naval officer, and Maurice in 1905, the Ballot automobile brand lasted until 1932. Until 1918 he produced engines for ships and industry. Automotive engines were added from 1910. The company was renamed Etablissements Ballot SA. Among the brand’s notable autos were the 1925 Ballot 2LTS Cabriolet and the 1930 Ballot RH3 Berline.
The Italian car brand Bandini was founded in 1947 by Ilario Bandini, a farmer from Forli in Italy. After graduating as a mechanic, Ilario Bandini started to manufacture automobiles. Since 1947, his company has produced 75 cars. Most of them are small racing cars, released immediately in the post-war period. This was followed by luxury sports coupes and touring cars. In the 60s, the brand also released engines of various sizes. The death of the founder in 1992 led to the closure of the brand.
Chinese budget vehicle brand Baojun, founded in 2010 by SAIC-GM-Wuling Automobile (General Motors, SAIC Motor, and Wuling Automobile Company Limited). The first to leave the stocks in Luzhou in 210 was the Baojun 630 sedan. Six models of this line were released – 310, 330, 560, 610, 630, 730, and Baojun Le Chi. Among the latter is the Baojun E100 two-seater electric car. It is planned to launch a plant to produce “horses” Baojun in the Chelyabinsk region. The brand continues to evolve.
12 Guangzhou Baolong Motors Co. Ltd
Chinese car manufacturer – Guangzhou Baolong Motors Co. Ltd was founded in 1998 as Yang Longjiang Private Enterprise. The headquarters was located in Guangzhou, the People’s Republic of China. The company produced Baolong-branded cars at three factories in Guangzhou and one in Zhanjiang. The first machines were designed to provide personal protection – bulletproof. Before its closure, the brand produced only one conventional passenger car, the Baolong Pegasus MPV. The brand was discontinued in 2005.
13 Barkas (VEB Barkas-Werke)
Barkas (VEB Barkas-Werke) is a German brand-manufacturer of vehicles from GDR, which has been producing minibusses and vans B1000, light trucks, special vehicles for 30 years since 1961. The nationalized enterprise was located in Karl-Marx-Stadt (now Chemnitz). The most famous and popular was her product Barkas B1000 – a minibus produced until the closure after the unification of Germany in 1991 due to non-competitiveness. All capacities were scrapped.
14 Barley Motor Car Co.
American Barley Motor Car Co. ш s an automobile manufacturer from Kalamazoo, Michigan, USA, founded by Albert C. Barley, jointly with Cloyd Y. Kenworthy and Karl H. Martin in 1916. His famous car models were the Roamer before 1929, the Barley Model 6-50 from 1922 to 1924, and the Pennant. In 1923, sports and touring sedans were produced. The development of the vehicles was carried out under a new name, following the renaming of the Barley brand to Pennant in 1924. But by 1925, all models under these brands were discontinued. The company ceased to exist.
15 Bauer Taxicab Manufacturing Company
The Bauer Taxicab Manufacturing Company of Chicago, Illinois, has contributed to the history of the automotive industry. The founder’s Perry Bauer, Price E. Hertz, and AL Belle Isle were taxi workers. They created their company in 1925, seeking to implement their ideas for improving cars to provide such a service. The design of the car provided for an unusual arrangement of doors, allowing passengers to enter and exit without interfering with those who are sitting. All models came under the Bauer brand. But in 1927, the brand went bankrupt.
16 Bay State Auto
Bay State Auto was established in Boston, MA, the USA, in 1906. Refers to the Brass Era – an era in which experimental designs and alternative energy systems will be supplanted. It was founded by Rossell Drisko and Frederick E. Randall, creating a state-owned enterprise. The brand lasted two years and released the Bay State Forty Touring car, equipped with a four-cylinder 40 hp engine.
The original name of the Coventry company, given at the time of its foundation back in 1896, was Excelsior. She made bicycles and motorcycles. Bayliss and Thomas owned it. In 1919, the company began manufacturing automobiles, creating an experimental three-wheeled model. A year later, it was decided to switch to four-wheeled models, using the Bayliss-Thomas brand, since a model already appeared in Britain under the name Excelsior. The 1923 model is especially famous. A total of 1000 cars of this brand were produced. The production was discontinued in 1929.
18 BCK Motor Car
The American company BCK Motor Car, founded by James Kline as the Kline Kar Motor Corporation in 1919 in York, Pennsylvania, USA, is not well known in the automotive world. Her product, KlineKar 6-40, released in 1910, was introduced by several vendors. Those interested could purchase a doorless model. Changing its name to BCK Motor Car in 1912, the brand moved to Richmond, Virginia; production ceased in 1924.
19 Bean Cars
Bean Cars were founded in England by A Harper Sons & Bean, Ltd, which began operating in 1919 at Dudley, Worcestershire, and Coseley, Staffordshire factories. In 1924, commercial auto production began, selling more than Austin and Morris. Financial difficulties in 1926 led to the brand’s acquisition by the steel company Hadfields Limited, which ceased production in 1929. It was renewed under the brand name Bean New Era. But in 1933, under the name Beans Industries, the production of components was continued.
20 Beardsley Electric Company
In 1913, Volney S. Beardsley, in Los Angeles, California, founded his own automobile business. Since 1914, the production of Beardsley cars began. Success required a change in floor space and the brand moved to Culver City. The First World War led to a lack of components and a halt in production. The brand was closed in 1917. During this period, seven models were released in the amount of 661 pieces. The designs were 2, 3, 4, and 5-seater. Among them is the 4-seater Light Runabout.
Bedelia is a French car brand founded in 1910 by coal traders Henri Deveaux and Robert Bourbeau. According to legend, the reason for this decision was a motorcycle accident. It was decided to create a safe way to travel. The design of the brand’s car was simple and unusual. Rather, it resembled a light-operated cart. They were cyclecars. Ease of use especially attracted the buyer. During its existence – until 1925, 2000 copies were produced. Today there are only six operating Bedelia cars left in the world.
22 Bedford Vehicles
Bedford Vehicles was the UK’s leading brand for trucks and commercial vehicles from 1932 to 1986. Founded by General Motors subsidiary Vauxhall Motors and based in Luton, Bedfordshire, England. The first trucks went under the Bedford Chevrolet brand, but the word Chevrolet was removed from the name after a while. In the post-war period, the demand for the brand’s products was very high. By the end of the 70s, interest in her began to wane. The reorganization led to the abolition. The light vans were taken over by IBC Vehicles, and the trucks were bought by David Brown, creating AWD Trucks.
23 BeiBen Truck
Mongolian-Chinese heavy truck company BeiBen Truck (Baotou BeiBen Heavy-Duty Truck Co) was founded in 1988. Its headquarters are located in Baotou, Inner Mongolia, China. The brand is part of the North Industries Group Corporation (NORINCO). In 1988, BeiBen Truck signed a contract with Daimler-Benz to manufacture Mercedes-Benz trucks based on components from the brand itself. In 2012, the company started production in South Africa and Ethiopia. In 2018, BeiBen products passed the Euro-VI standard.
24 Beijing Automobile Works
Chinese car manufacturer Beijing Automobile Works was founded in 1958 in Beijing. Its main product was the production of military off-road vehicles. As the company develops, it has expanded its assortment to include civilian off-road vehicles, light buses and trucks, and light vehicles. Today, the brand is the second-largest and the largest in China. The production of buses began in 2001 after the merger with the Beijing assembly plant, resulting in the formation of Beijing Automobile Works Co., Ltd (BAW).
25 Beiqi Foton
Another Chinese automotive manufacturer, Beiqi Foton Motor Co., Ltd, is a state-owned enterprise founded in 1996 with headquarters in Beijing. The brand was founded after the merger of 100 enterprises located in 13 regions as a subsidiary of the BAIC Group. Today, the brand’s products are extensive: cars and SUVs, minibusses and city buses, trucks and tractors, agricultural machinery, and engines.
26 Bell Aurens
Bell Aurens is a small German car manufacturer owned by Thomas and Holger Kalvelage. He gained fame with the exclusive rework of the Land Rover Defender 109 Station Wagon, called Bell Auren’s Longnose. Unlike the prototype, it became a two-door, “lost” the roof but acquired a long front part, which added the name. The unique car became the brand’s only representative due to the high cost and general recession in the global economy.
The early 20th-century French car manufacturer Bellanger from Neuilly-sur-Seine was founded in 1912. The founders of the company were the Bellange brothers. They chose Her hood is in silver, her silence is gold as their motto, which is what the brand’s products corresponded to, with the quietest engine. The cars were luxury class. The design was stylish, with some chic, aided by a self-developed hemispherical radiator by Robert Bellange. The first models went into production in 1913. In 1925 the company was acquired by Peugeot.
Bellier is a French car manufacturer that began operations in 1968. The brand’s founder is Jean Bier, a specialist in energy storage systems and an innovator in battery development. The production is focused on mini-cars that do not require a license. The demand for them is still high today. The first 40 kg model was made for general road use for all ages. Since 2010, the developer has been paying attention to reliability, safety, and comfort.
29 Bentall EH Bentall Ltd
One of the oldest industrial enterprises was founded by William Bentall in 1790 to produce agricultural and industrial equipment. In 1839, the brand was named EH Bentall and Co. But already, at the beginning of the 20th century, the company expanded production to cars. In 1904, two Q4 prototypes were produced. And in 1908, the production of more powerful engines of 2.5 and 7 hp began, which were installed on Bentall cars. In 1911, 16-20 hp engines were used. In total, around 100 vehicles were built before closing in 1912.
The most famous car manufacturer from the United Kingdom – Bentley Motors Limited, began its work in early 1919. Founded by Walter Owen Bentley, Frank Burgess, and Harry Varley, the company released the first model in July 1919. The company is focused on the luxury car category. The most prestigious model, the 8L, came out in 1930. It was the last car of an independent company. It then became a division of the Volkswagen Group Audi AG. In 2020, the Mulliner Bacalar sports car was announced. 2021 – Bentley Flying Spur, Bentley Continental GT, Bentley Bentayga. On the plan – electric vehicles.
Benz & Cie is a Carl Benz automobile company founded in 1883 with Max Kaspar Rose and Friedrich Wilhelm Esslinger. Already in 1886, a three-wheeled self-propelled vehicle was produced. In 1893, the four-wheeled Victoria models went into production. A year later, the Velo was created for the Paris-Rouen races. In 1895, the first truck of the brand and the first buses in the world saw the light of day. 1909 Blitzen Benz launched. In 1926 the brand merged with Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft. During its independent existence, it produced 47 555 pieces of equipment.
Hart O. Berg was born in Cleveland, Ohio, USA, and in 1902 founded an automobile company under his name. In 1904 she created BERG CARS with a 24 hp engine. It had a removable roof that was used as a trunk. Distributed in several cities – New York, Chicago, Detroit, and Philadelphia. In 1905, the New York-based Worthington Automobile Company acquired the brand but closed it down a year later.
33 Berkeley Cars Ltd
Of the two British auto manufacturers with the same name, Berkeley is best known for brand information, Berkeley Cars Ltd. The company from Biggleswade, Bedfordshire, operated for four years – from 1956 to 1960 and was engaged in producing small cars – economical sports-type microcars with power plants from motorcycles and front-wheel drive. These were the models of the designer Laurie Bond. The merger with Bond Cars, which was discussed before the brand’s closure, did not happen. The company was closed in 1960.
French car manufacturer Berliet, founded in 1899 by Marius Berliet in Vénissieux, France. It was known as a manufacturer of buses, cars and trucks, military equipment, etc. From 1944 to 49, the company was in administrative sequestration. The brand itself existed until 1967, when it entered Citroën, and in 1974 was sold to Renault, which formed a new company – Renault Trucks in 1978. By the end of 1980, all production of Berliet equipment was discontinued.
35 Berrien Buggy Inc.
The brand for the chassis and vehicles for recreational and off-roading – Berrien Buggy Inc. from Berrien Springs in Michigan began production in 1968. The brand’s buggy featured powerful chassis and fiberglass bodies. Raw materials and materials are used only of high quality. Over the years, the brand has created appliances of various styles and types – for dunes, country roads, forests, and streets. In 2012, Berrien Buggy merged with the Acme Car Company from New Cumberland in Pennsylvania.
In 1912, Italian Giovanni Bertone founded the company in Turin, Italy. The company has become a renowned bodybuilder and car assembler. The style typical for the designers of the company turned out to be very distinctive and especially attractive. Over the years, Bertone has created designs for many brands – Abarth, Alfa Romeo, Aston Martin, Citroën, Ferrari, Fiat, Lancia, Lamborghini, Mercedes Benz, Opel, and Volvo. “Family resemblance” is very easy to see in different brands of different models.
Bestune is a Chinese automobile company, part of the FAW Group, founded in 2006 and located in Changchun, China. The main products are passenger cars based on the early models of Mazda sedans, targeted at the upper-middle class of the Chinese population. Production is targeted at worldwide sales, but the domestic versions are also based on the Mazda 6, in several variations. In 2012, the brand entered the Russian market, presenting the B50 model.
Buick is an American automobile brand with a rich history. Founded in 1899 by David Dunbar Buick as Buick Auto-Vim and Power Company, it was renamed Buick Motor Company in 1903 and later Buick Motor Division. Since 1908, General Motors has bought the brand and is its owner to the present day. In the early days of its existence, the brand focused on creating premium vehicles, creating luxury cars in this category’s price segment between Cadillac and Chevrolet.
39 BFA (Bolle & Fiedler)
The German car manufacturer BFA, later known as Bolle & Fiedler, began producing cars from 1923 to 1926. The company was based in Berlin-Charlottenburg. It produces sports cars with three-cylinder engines under the BFA brand and several racing cars with six-cylinder two-stroke engines. Preserved information about the participation of one of them in the Berlin AVUS in 1923 with photographs. Subsequently, the brand was renamed Bolle & Fiedler and became an engine manufacturing plant.
BharatBenz – This brand is used by Daimler India Commercial Vehicles (DICV) from Oragadam, Chennai, India, founded in 2011. Daimler India Commercial Vehicles is a subsidiary of the German brand Daimler AG. The Indian division was founded to produce trucks and buses, primarily for the mass production of Asian regions and to assemble models for European purposes. BharatBenz was first introduced at Delhi Auto Expo 2012.
Bianchi is an Italian automobile company Edoardo Bianchi that started as a bicycle manufacturer in Milan in 1885. The brand’s first vehicle was a single-cylinder motorized cart, developed in 1888 and 1889, which went into production. In 1915, the S1 came out – a two-seater car with an engine capacity of 1244 cm3. From 1924 to 1929, the brand built 900 cars. The last model was the S9. After the tragic death of Edoardo Bianchi in 1946, the company was in decline. In 1955, after the sale of all Fiat capacity, Autobianchi was founded.
Bi-Autogo is an experimental car brand designed and built by Detroit artist and engineer James Scripps Booth. The American cyclocar was created for four years – until 1912. It had a three-seater body, a steerable front wheel, two conventional and small retractable wheels located slightly behind the passenger landing site. It was created in a single copy. Rebuilt in 2017 by Detroit-based Mobsteel. Interesting from the point of view of the originality of the design and performance of the unit.
Biddle Motor Car Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, is an automobile brand founded in 1916. Its founders were McMaris and Charles Fry. The name was given in honor of one of the cities in the state. It was planned to create premium cars. Over the years, the brand has produced six car models and sold several hundred of them. The design was close to the popular European Mercedes and Austro-Daimler models. In 1921, the brand was sold and renamed Biddle-Crane Motor Car Company but closed in 1922.
The Frenchman Jacques Binyan, an entrepreneur, has been the owner of the Bignan brand since 1918, which produced engines in Courbevoie before the First World War, decided to start car production. After the war, Jacques Binyan created the first cars with his engine, which are being assembled in Gregoire. In 1920, the first Bignan Sport model appeared, which was modified in 1921 – there were brakes on the wheels, the chassis acquired better stability. In 1926, the company filed for bankruptcy and became the property of Société La Cigogne.
Birkin Cars is a South African sports car manufacturer founded by John Watson in 1982. Currently, the brand produces the only car it initially specializes in – the S3 Roadster, which is a copy of the 1968 Lotus Super 7. The brand’s founder is a direct descendant of the world’s most famous race car driver – Tim Birkin, whose name was given to the company. Birkin vehicles are currently sold in the United States, Japan, and throughout Europe.
The German brand Bitter was founded by racing drivers Peter Monteverdi and Erich Bitter after stopping the import of cars from Italy before starting their production in 1969. The production of sports cars was based on the Opel chassis. The famous development was the founder’s “luxury” dream car called Astra, which was created with the body company Frua. It was not implemented in Germany. In 1972, the Bitter Diplomat CD was released. The next model was on a Senator chassis. The new car was named Bitter SC. The brand went bankrupt in 1986.
Giotto Bizzarrini, a former engineer of the famous Italian car brands Alfa Romeo, Ferrari, and ISO, founded Prototipi Bizzarrini Srl to produce cars in 1962. She was guided by sports and racing models, of which not very many were built in the seven years of its existence. They were modern and high-tech, with competitive characteristics. In 1966 the brand was renamed Bizzarrini SpA. In 1969 the company went bankrupt. But in the 2000s, it was restored due to the emergence of demand for concept cars.
48 Black Manufacturing Company
The Black Manufacturing Company was founded in 1896 in Indianapolis, Indiana. Its production was engaged in developing and assembling phaetons, dos-à-dos, and business wagons with engine power from 2.5 to 8 hp. The brand used a 2-speed manual transmission in its cars. There is evidence that the company built the first car in 1891, even before its official registration. But already in 1900, the owners agreed to sell it for $ 20,000, which led to the complete closure of the brand.
49 Blackjack Cars
In 1995 Richard Oakes founded the tricycle company Blackjack Cars in Helston, Cornwall, England. The first car of the Blackjack Avion brand appeared in 1996 and was produced until 2004. This model was replaced by the Blackjack Zero with an air-cooled VW Beetle propulsion system and released in 2008 in a modified lightweight version – Blackjack Guzzi, which was named after the Moto Guzzi engine installed in the car. Its release was discontinued in 2013.
50 Blitzworld Buggies Ltd
The largest British buggy manufacturer – Blitzworld Buggies Ltd- was founded in 1996 at the Stoke-on-Trent Railroad Center. The activity aims to develop and produce four-wheel drive off-road vehicles, buggies, and karting Blitzworld Honda Go-Karts. The company modifies and rebuilds products from other manufacturers. There are also children’s options in the assortment. Notable ones include the Murray Kart, replaced by the Blitz Kart (Honda Engine). Today, the Quadzilla 150cc Midi RV with an electric start is especially popular.
51 Breese (BLM)
American car manufacturer BLM, founded in 1906 in Brooklyn, New York City, by three passionate people – Sidney S. Breese, Charles I. Lawrence, and Andrew Moulton. It was the first three letters of the surname of each founder that made up the abbreviation of the brand name. The company announced its first BLM racing car in the same year, thus starting a series of 250 units planned to begin production from 1908. But by the end of 1907, bankruptcy followed. Lawrence and Moulton tried to return to their idea, but in 1913 in Paris, creating a new company LM.
One of the largest British automakers was the British Motor Corporation (BMC) holding company located in Longbridge, Birmingham. Founded in 1952 based on Austin Motor Company and Morris Motors, it produces cars of many brands – Austin, Morris, MG, Austin-Healey, Wolseley, Riley. The most popular model was the 1963 Austin Mini Super-Deluxe. In 1966, the company was transformed into British Motor Holdings Limited (BMH), and in 1968, merging with Leyland, it became the British Leyland Motor Corporation.
53 BMC Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş.
The Turkish automobile company BMC Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş., founded in 1964, is widely known in Asia. Located in Izmir, it focuses on the production of trucks of various classes and buses. The latter are presented in different categories – urban and intercity, large, medium, and small. The most popular is the 40-seat Falcon 1100 at 11 meters; 220 SLF in 12 meters for 46 seats intercity middle-class Probus 850. In 2019, the brand introduced a new Tulga pickup truck. In addition, the brand also performs defense missions.
BMW AG – Bayerische Motoren Werke AG is a leading German car manufacturer. Its range includes cars and motorcycles, engines, and bicycles. Founded by Karl Rapp in the fall of 1916, it was engaged in the production of aircraft engines under the name Bayerische Flugzeug-Werke. In the same year, the company was transferred to the Austrian industrialist Franc Jozef Popp, who in 1918 called it BMW AG. After the war, only agricultural machinery and car brakes were produced. Since 1928, the automotive history of the brand begins with the acquisition of a car factory in Eisenach.
55 BMW M
In 1972, the German company BMW M GmbH (BMW Motorsport GmbH), a Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW), based in Munich, Germany, was founded. The division’s main task was to help implement the brand’s successful racing program in the 60s and 70s due to the departure of the factory team from various series and the predominance of specially designed Ford Capri RSs. The first project – BMW 3.0 CSL – was realized in 1100 copies to private individuals. The company is also known as M-Technik or M.
In Levallois-Perret, France, in 1923, a small car company, Bollack Netter et Compagnie, known as BNC, was founded by engineer Lucien Bollack and financier Rene Netter. The first DZ was built based on the Bicycle car Müller – JMK. The transition in the late 1920s to large passenger cars and ultralight racing cars was not successful. The company was sold to Charles de Rico in 1928. He released Aigle in 1929. In 1931, having presented several unrealized projects, the brand was closed.
The German automobile company Bob Automobil-Gesellschaft Carpzow & Wachsmann OHG was founded in 1919 Berlin-Charlottenburg in Berlin. Shareholders included Karl Carpzow, Fritz Polensky, and Egon E. Wachsmann. In 1920, the company’s new name was given – Bob Automobil-GmbH in connection with the departure of Karl Carpzow and Egon E. Wachsmann. The brand received a new name in 1922, becoming Bob Automobil AG. The main type of production of the company was a two-seater small car. One of them took part in the Berliner AVUS in 1923. The brand was discontinued in 1925.
Bohs is a German brand founded by Johann Bohse, a blacksmith who owned an agricultural machinery company. He opened his Bohse Automobilbau GmbH project in 1987 in the commune of Dorpen (Lower Saxony). The brand created open cars by reworking other brands. The first was Sprinter. But the refinement of the not very durable VW Golf MKI called Ems Blitz led to the need to replace it. It was the Soviet Lada 051, cheap and with a solid body. This is Bohs’ 6th model, called Euro-Star, with a fiberglass finish. Landau Safari was also released based on the G8. Production is discontinued.
59 Bollinger Motors
An American venture based in Hobart, NY – Bollinger Motors, founded by Robert Bollinger in 2014, focused on producing a full-size, power-driven SUV. In 2017, a prototype of a three-door model, the Bollinger B1, was presented, which included the possibility of the easy dismantling of the rear roof section. In 2018, the company’s headquarters moved to Ferndale, Michigan. In 2019, the company introduced two models ready for series production – the updated B1 and the 4-door B2 pickup. In 2020, the headquarters moved to Oak Park, Michigan.
The Australian brand Bolwell, founded in 1962, designs and manufactures sports cars with unique designs. Her models – Mk, were produced in various designs. These were both complete variants and coupes with a mid-engine arrangement (the only option in the world – the Mk VI or SR6 of 1968), the Mk VIII Nagari model with a V8 engine as a coupe and convertible, Mk IX Ikara 1979, Mk X Nagari 2009. The company stopped production in 1979, continuing only to create concept and demonstration models. But in 2009, the production of new cars under this brand was resumed.
61 Bond Cars Ltd
Bond Cars Ltd is a British automobile company founded by Paul Sharp in 1922 as Sharps Commercials Ltd, headquartered in Preston, Lancashire. In 1963 it was renamed Bond Cars Ltd. 1969 – Reliant Motor Co Ltd. is acquired. The Bond brand was used by Reliant until 1974, releasing the Bond Bug. As Sharp’s Commercials in 1949, it began producing the economical three-wheeled sedan Bond Minicar, which will later give the brand a new name. The car is undergoing several modifications, which will be completed in the Mark G in 1961. From 1963 to 1970, the 4-wheel sports Equipe GT, also Bond 875, was produced.
The Borgward brand was founded by Carl F. W. Borgward and existed in Pregnant, West Germany, from 1929 to 1961. The company produced several different brands of cars – Borgward, Hansa, Goliath, and Lloyd. Blitzkarren – a van with three wheels, was the first vehicle to leave the factory gates. Used as a compact truck, including by the postal service. In 1937, Hansa Borgward 2000 was released, from which the first word of the name was removed after two years. In the post-war period, the brand produces 4-wheel Borgward Isabella 1954, sporty. But in 1961, the company filed for bankruptcy.
Polish, formerly known as Ośrodek Badawczo-Rozwojowy Samochod Małolitraowych “Bosmal”, now renamed “Automotive Research and Development Institute Bosmal Sp. Z o.o”. Develops new vehicles for FSM (Fiat Auto Poland). The institute was founded in 1972. In 2010, it became subordinate to the commercial enterprise Instytut Badań i Rozwoju Motoryzacji Bosmal Sp. z o. Its direction is the development and production of passenger and freight transport. The 1983 Beskid city car, the Cinquecento Bombix small fast delivery car, the 1991 baby cabriolet are the main products of the institute.
64 Bowler Manufacturing Ltd
Bowler Manufacturing Ltd was founded in 1985 by racing driver Andrew Bowler in Belper, Derbyshire, Great Britain. The main focus was the production of SUVs on Land Rover Defender and Range Rover chassis. In 2019, Bowler entered SVO, a division of Jaguar Land Rover. The first car was a third-series Land Rover personally redesigned by Andrew Bowler in 1984. This led to the creation of a rework and production company. The first car was the Bowler ARC, and in 1989 the Bowler Tomcat came out. In 2016, after the death of the founder, the brand took over the concern.
BRA – Beribo Replica Automobiles was founded in 1982 in Doncaster in the county of South Yorkshire. The founders of the company are John Berry and Peter Ibbotson. The brand was founded for the production of automobiles and components. The first car, the 1981 BRA 1800-V8, was a replica of the well-known AC Cobra. The BRA 427 that followed was also a copy of the AC Cobra. In 1998, the GOOD CV 3 tricycle was released. In 1993, with the retirement of the founders, the original brand ceased to exist. Before their departure, five models were developed and released.
66 Brabus GmbH
The automotive company Brabus GmbH from Bottrop (Germany) was founded in 1977. The founders of the brand were Klaus Brackmann and Bodo Buschmann. They made up the name of their company from the initial letters of their surnames. Initially, the company focused on selling Mercedes-Benz products. Today its main directions are car alteration, accessories, tuning of bodies, and engines of Mercedes-Benz cars, produced by Daimler AG, Smart, and Maybach brands. Today the brand is the leading exclusive tuning studio.
67 Bradley Automotive
Bradley Automotive was founded in 1970 by Gary Courneya and David Bradley Fuller. It was hosted in Plymouth, Minnesota, United States. The first Bradley GT car came out in 1970 based on the Volkswagen Beetle. The brand began creating its vehicles during its heydays, such as the Bradley “T” Roadster, Bradley Bandit, and Bradley Baron. The Baron was a type of buggy fitted with a hardtop. For showiness, gull-wing wings were used. The company went bankrupt in 1981.
Auto brand Brammo is an American automaker that makes electric motors and batteries. Founded in 2002 in Ashland, Oregon. Located in Talent, Oregon, United States. It is widely known for the production of motorcycles. The founder of Craig Bramscher strove to create a car for himself, to be able to sit comfortably in it because of his height of 1.91 m. Ultima Can-Am was imported for the components. Enertia GT was created from 2004 to 2008. Among the models – Pro GT (Rogue GT), licensed Ariel Atom, and others.
In 1904, a group of people appeared in the suburbs of Paris who began assembling 4-wheeled vehicles. It was the Richard-Brasier company, registered back in 1902 by Charles-Henri Brasier and Georges Richard. The brand managed to create and sell about 1000 cars before the First World War. In 1919, it was marked by two models that came out in 1920. Then there was the Conduite sedan. In 1926, the Chaigneau-Brasier was launched. But the troubles of the late 1920s led to the closure of the company in 1930-31.
Founded by the Ford dealership in São Paulo under the name Gil & Schueler in 1949 as Inca – Indústria Nacional de Carrosserias de Aço SA, the company was created as the country’s first production of coach bodies. In 1950, the brand was the first to launch the production of steel city and road buses. In the early 50s, the company was renamed Brasinca. Under the Brasinca brand from 1964 to 1966, the Uirapuru model was produced – a sports coupe of the GT class in Brazil. Seventy-three cars came out. This model was developed by the Spanish immigrant Rigoberto Soler Gisbert. The brand closed in 1999.
71 Bremach Industry
The Italian car brand Bremach Industry (Italy) is today known for its special vehicles for public utilities with all-wheel drive. They are widely used by rescue and fire services in hard-to-reach places. Founded in 1956 in the Italian city of Brescia, province of Brescia, the company has widely expanded its production, covering Europe, Africa, Latin America, locating its production in 30 countries worldwide. The Macchi MB1 is known – the first Bremach motorcycle, Iveco Bremach TGR 35.4, Bremach Job. But in 2018, she was declared bankrupt.
In 1871, the Reichstein brothers – Adolf, Charles, Hermann, created a brand for bicycles and baby carriages. In 1881 the brand was named Bicycle, and in 1891 it was renamed, Rover. In 1892 the company became Brennabor. The first three and 4-wheeled vehicles were produced in 1903. During the First World War, production was suspended. In 1919, the brand introduced middle-class P technology. After the economic crisis in the 30s, the company introduced experimental front-wheel-drive versions. The brand was discontinued in 1945.
73 Brewster & Co
American James Brewster in 1804 became an apprentice to Charles Chapman, a carriage builder, opening his carriage workshop in 1810, the Brewster Carriage Co. The brand has been in the American carmaker market for 130 years. Starting in New Haven, Connecticut, opened a gym in New York City in 1827. The first body from the brand “tried on” an electric car in 1896. The next car on the Delaunay-Belleville chassis appeared in 1905. From 1915 to 1925, a line of luxury cars was produced. In 1935, a line of luxury bodies for the Ford V8 chassis was released. Bankruptcy happened in 1937.
Since 1971, the Canadian automaker Bricklin, headquartered in St. John. It was founded by millionaire Malcolm Bricklin, who started as a dealership for non-Canadian and non-American brands. The first project is a Safety Vehicle. Marshall Hobart’s Gray Ghost prototype was rejected. The next one is from Herb Grasse, presented as a project in 1972, which was helped by St. John’s. The Bricklin SV-1 appeared in 1974. But in 1975, the brand was declared bankrupt.
A car company based in Detroit, Michigan. The USA under the name Briggs-Detroiter Company existed for five years – from 1912 to 1917. The company has developed 2 Touring models, differing in appearance and performance, to compete with the Brush Runabout. One was developed in 1914 with a 32 hp engine, an L-shaped head, and a rounded nose. The second one came out in 1915 and featured a 3.3-liter V-8 powerplant. Its radiator was curved in cross-section. The car had five seats and was positioned as a tourist car.
76 Brilliance China Auto
In 1992, Brilliance China Auto, a public automobile company, was established in Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China, at the initiative of the Government. Its structure is a holding. Includes subsidiaries Brilliance China Auto and Jinbe. 40% of the holding’s shares are owned by the state-owned Huachen Automotive Group Holdings Co. Ltd. Production includes minibusses for police and ambulances, special vehicles manufactured under a direct agreement with Toyota, as well as city cars. In 2007 alone, the production volume was 123,313 pieces.
Founded by Benjamin Briscoe in 1913, the Jackson, Michigan automobile business lasted eight years and was abolished in 1921. Benjamin Briscoe was one of the American pioneers in the automotive industry. He started his business with Benjamin Briscoe & Co. for metal stamping. Briscoe auto assembly plant was founded in Billancourt, France. In 1915 he introduced a new car with a single headlight. During its existence, the brand has created models such as Argo, Hackett, and Lorraine.
78 Bristol Cars
Among the manufacturers of luxury cars, the British brand for the production of cars – Bristol Cars, founded in 1945, stands out. It was created as an offshoot of the Bristol Airplane Company (BAC) auto brand. The decision was made by the management together with AFN Ltd and Frazer Nash. In 1946, the brand’s first product, Bristol 400, was released, producing 700 units, including a convertible body. Several series of Type models were produced with BMW and Chrysler propulsion systems. From 2004 to the present, the Fighter model has been produced.
79 British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd (BLMC)
Many public and private companies represent the British automotive industry, including the non-public British Leyland Motor Corporation Ltd (BLMC), founded in 1968. In 1975, the British Government turned the company into a holding company British Leyland Ltd, and in 1978 into BL Ltd. Later; the company received another name – BL PLC. She produced popular brands – Jaguar, Rover, and Land Rover, including Mini. Despite the merger, it went bankrupt in 1986 and was renamed the Rover Group.
80 British Salmson
British automaker since 1934 – British Salmson, headquartered in Raynes Park, London, England, was an offshoot of the French engineering company Salmson. Car production was carried out until 1939. With the outbreak of World War II, the brand was reoriented towards military needs. But after the war, auto production was never continued. The company moved to Glasgow, Scotland, to become a printing equipment business. Among the famous cars of the brand, one can distinguish S4C, S4D model 1937, S6D.
In 1909, the Briton Motor Company, located in Wolverhampton, was formed. It was led by Edward Lisle Junior, the son of the founder of the Star Cycle Company. Her first model was Little Briton. In 1912, the company received a new name – Briton Motor Company (1912) Limited, which moved to the premises of the Shrubbery Iron Works on Walsall street. From 1914 to 1915, 2 and 4-seater luxury cars were produced. From 1917 to 18, small commercial and ambulances were produced. Production resumed in 1919. The company was liquidated in 1921. The brand was purchased by Charles A. Weight and continued to operate until 1929. Since 1940 it has been Tractor Spares Limited.
Broc Carriage & Wagon Co. was a bodywork company from Cleveland, Ohio, founded in 1903. Paul J. Brown was a partner and vice president. In 1908, the management decided to switch to cars. Dissenting Paul J. Brown left the company. The company was renamed Broc Carriage Company, and when it completely switched to the production of vehicles, it was named Broc Electric Vehicle Company. Broc merged in 1914 to form the American Electric Car Company. But cars continued to be sold under the Broc brand until the company closed in 1916.
83 Brooke Cars
Brooke cars first appeared in 1901 as a product of the Brooke Marine division, manufactured in Oulton Broad, Britannia. In 1913, only engine production remained. 4-wheeled 4-seater versions were produced with protective front glass and without a roof. There was a folding awning to protect passengers from the rain. The company produced engines until 1936. In 1999, auto production resumed, and specialized light racing cars – Brooke Kensington ME 190 and Double R.
The founder of the Brush Runabout Company, American Alanson P. Brush, in 1899 joined the manufacturer of car engines for oldsmobiles, Leland and Faulconer. In 1905 he founded the Oakland motor car with William Murphy in Pontiac, Michigan, which he left in 1907. In 1907, he created his brand in Detroit, Michigan, USA, fulfilling his dream of owning his production with the release of the first lightweight two-cylinder car. Five years later, the brand lost its independence, entering the United States Motor Company. In 1913, the production of cars under this Brush brand was discontinued.
Brutsch is the German auto brand Egon Brutsch Fahrzeugbau, an automotive design and manufacturing company in Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg. The brand was founded in 1950. Known for designing and manufacturing various microcar models in a limited volume with the subsequent sale of licenses to other manufacturers. Within six years – from 1952 to 56, 11 models and 81 cars were produced. The latest material at that time was used – polyester with fiberglass in the finishing of the body, which did not have doors. The brand was discontinued in 1958.
Birmingham Small Arms Company Limited, founded in 1861, was located at Gun Quarter, Birmingham, England, and was the largest industrial association. It included various manufacturers’ profiles, including cars, buses, and special vehicles under the BSA brand from 1907 to 1912. The first was a car designed by E Baguley, followed by models based on the Peking-Paris Itala. In 1912, the BSA mark was removed. But in 1921, the brand was renewed. In 1935, the successful Scout model came out, which became the last until 1936 the brand was closed.
In 1921, the successful Zwebell brothers in 1921 Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA, registered the production of Model T speedsters to produce car bodies. The Peugeot variant, which was popular at that time, was taken as a basis. Using a Ford chassis, an original and beautiful body for the Bub Speedster was designed and advertised. After successful sales, she moved to Schleisingerville, Wisconsin. Here comes the new Bub Sportcab swap body, which is beautiful and stylish but has not received as much praise as the previous one. In 1923, car production was phased out.
Buckler Cars were founded in 1947 by the British sports car manufacturer CDF Buckler in Reading, Berkshire, England. The peculiarity of the car was the spatiality of the structure – the lightness and rigidity of the truss structure. This provided high strength. High-quality cars were developed for assembly based on the direction of use by the customer – for driving around the city or participating in rallies, in trials or high-speed climbs, in races. The first was called Mark V. In the 60s, the brand moved to the production of karting. The company was sold in 1962 and closed in 1965.
The largest auto body supplier of the 20th century, Budd, was founded by Edward G. Budd in 1912 and is located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States. The enterprise included the production of passenger cars, gliders, defense products, rocket and space technology. The company’s popularity in the automotive industry was brought by all-steel bodies and the method of shot-blasting in 1913. In 1962, the XR-400 sports-type concept car was released, aimed at young people based on the AMC. In 1987 the company was disbanded.
90 Buffalo Electric Vehicle Company
Among the American manufacturers of electric vehicles of the early 20th century, the Buffalo Electric Vehicle Company stands out for its products produced for three years – from 1912 to 1915. Located in Buffalo, New York, it was formed from the merger of 5 companies of different types of auto production – trucks, engines, electric vehicles. The brand’s products were positioned as a women’s car thanks to the safe electric starting of the car, which does not require a manual one. Today, the building that housed the company is listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
Bufori Motor Car Company Pty. Ltd. is an Australian automobile company from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, founded in 1986 by three Khouri brothers from Lebanon. Inspired by the American coupes of the 1930s, the brothers assembled three sports cars in a garage in 1986. This was the beginning. They made up the name of the company from the abbreviation of the initial letters of several words: Beautiful, U – Unique, F – Funtastic, O – Original, R – Romantic, I – Irresistible. Brand registration took place in Australia and Malaysia. Notable models from the company include the Bufori MKI, MKII, and MKIII La Joya.
French car brand Bugatti Automobiles S.A.S. was founded by the Italian Ettore Bugatti in 1909 in Molsheim, Alsace, France. The company produces passenger cars in the luxury category. In 1910, the racing Bugatti Type 13 appeared, based on which the models 15, 17, 22, 23 are produced. In 1923 the Bugatti Type 32 “Tank” was released. In 1924, the brand also produced the most successful racing car, the Bugatti Type 35. In 1963, the brand acquired Hispano-Suiza. In 1987 Romano Artioli revives the company under the name Bugatti Automobili S.p.a in Campogalliano, Italy.
French auto company Buire from Lion, founded in 1847 as a manufacturer of chassis for railway cars. Automotive production began in 1900 when the founder, Société de l’Horme et de la Buire, merged with Léon Serpollet. At this time, the La Buire trademark was adopted. The company was renamed in 1904 to Chantiers de la Buire, in 1905 to Société des Automobiles de la Buire, and in 1910 to Société Nouvelle de la Buire Automobiles. In 1904, the brand released the first models, releasing a model almost every year. In 1930, production was phased out.
In 1934 in Munich, Germany, the engineering company Bungartz & Co. was founded by Dr. Verhard Bungartz and distillery owner Hugo Asbach. Production began immediately after the opening, thanks to the invitation of the Jewish-German engineer Josef Ganz. He designed the first and post-war models. Before World War II, the Standard (Gutbrod) “Superior,” Ardie, Adler “Maikefer,” and Bungartz “Butz” were produced – small light vehicles. After the war, the brand produced pumps, agricultural machinery, and equipment.
The Dutch brand Burton Car Company, founded in 1998 by Iwan and Dimitri Goebel, began developing sports cars. The first Burton was originally named the Hunter, with designs inspired by the legendary Bugatti, Jaguar, Talbot-Lago, Delahaye, and Alfa Romeo. The model was created for a year and a half and was put up for sale in 2000. In parallel, the company was selling Lomax models in the Netherlands. In the development process, the subsidiary 2CV Parts was created, which, together with the parent company, was put up for sale in 2019.
Founded by John H. Bush. in 1916 in Chicago, US, the American automobile Bush Motor Company had as its goal, not production, but assembly, re-equipment, and sale of equipment of other brands. Models from Huffman and Piedmont were offered, re-equipped with Lycoming and Continental powertrains. The sale also featured products from Norwalk Motor Car Company, Martinsburg, West Virginia. The brand was discontinued in 1925. The owner sold all his developments to various companies to complete their assembly.
97 BXR Motors
The automobile manufacturer is BXR Motors Fort Worth, Texas. The USA became the realization of the American dream of Neal Bailey, who built his first car, the Mustang Spirit Edition convertible, back in 1972 in a garage. In 2008, he founded his brand, inspired by the work of a car of various makes and model years. Everything was here – traditional classics and modern luxurious and elegant exotic, which should have helped create a true American supercar. As a result, Blade XTR became one of the personifications of the founder’s ideas; it acquired curvaceous shapes symbolizing American strength.
BYD Company Ltd is a Chinese car manufacturer based in Shenzhen, Guangdong (China), founded in 1995 by Wang Chuanfu and Lu Xiang-yang. Has subsidiaries BYD Automobile and BYD Electronic and BYD Co. car manufacturing company founded in 2003 in Shenzhen. One of the most famous models of the company, still produced today, is the Flyer. Next came BYD F3 DM, which sold 10,000 units per month. Among its models is BYD Shang, a hybrid compact van, and BYD HAN luxury sedan in electric and hybrid versions.
The Future Mobility car brand was founded in 2016 to develop an all-electric car made in China and Germany. In 2017, the brand was renamed Byton to develop the M-Byte electric SUV. The management of the company included Carsten Breitfeld and Daniel Kirchert. In 2018, First Auto Works funded the venture. The concept car was slated to be unveiled in 2018, with a sales target of 2109. But in 2020, operations were stopped. bankruptcy was declared in 2021.